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Chinese Water Deer

Chinese Water Deer Stalking, Chinese Water Deer, Water Deer, Deer, Stalking, Hunting, Shooting, Deer Hunting, Contract Culling, Culling, Bedfordshire Farmers, Fox Culling, Rabbit Clearance, Pigeon Clearance, Vermin Clearance, Gold Star, Bucks, Does, Fawns, Tusks,CWD, Gift vouchers, Outdoor activities, Outdoor Sporting, Clay  Pigeon Shooting, Target Shooting, Hunting, Stalking,

About Chinese Water Deer Stalking in Bedfordshire
Chinese Water Deer
Chinese Water Deer Stalking
Copyright © Chinese Water Deer Stalking 2010. All rights reserved.

Origin - Chinese Water Deer were first introduced into Great Britain back  in the 1870s.                                        

Habitat - Reed beds, river shores, woodlands and fields. A good diversity of plants in the understorey is important.

Food - Selective feeders that take small morsels from nutritious plants, especially herbs but may take woody browse, grasses and sedges also if food is in short supply

Appearance - Chinese Water Deer have narrow pectoral and pelvic girdles, long legs, and a long, graceful neck. Their powerful hind legs are longer than the front legs, so that the haunches are carried higher than the shoulders. In the groin of each leg is an inguinal gland used for scent marking. The short tail is no more than 5-10 cm in length and is almost invisible, except when it is held raised by the male during the rut. The ears are short and very rounded. The coat is an overall golden brown colour while the undersides are white. The strongly tapered face is reddish brown or grey in colour, and the chin and upper throat are cream coloured. They have developed long canine teeth which protrude from the upper jaw. The canines are fairly large in the bucks, ranging in length from 5.5 cm on average to as long as 8 cm. Does, in comparison, have tiny canines that are on an average of 0.5 cm in length. The teeth usually erupt in the autumn of the deer’s first year at approximately 6-7 months of age. When fully grown, only about 60% of the tusk is visible below the gum. These canines are held loosely in their sockets, with their movement controlled by facial muscles. In aggressive encounters, he thrusts his canines out and draws in his lower lip to pull his teeth closer together.

The Rut - Bucks and does form pairs and defend territories during November and December and remain together until April. Bucks perform parallel walks with invading rivals and fight if their dominance order is not identified.

Breeding - Does give birth during May to July after a six to seven month gestation. Up to 6 fawns may be born, but 1 to 3 fawns is more usual.

Life Span - Up to 40% of fawns die within the first four weeks of life.

Activity - Chinese water deer are active throughout the day with peak activity being around dusk. After feeding, long periods are spent "lying up", which is where the deer lies down to ruminate.

Social Organisation - Chinese Water Deer are solitary animals and males are highly territorial. Each buck marks out his territory with urine and faeces. Sometimes a small pit is dug and it is possible that in digging, the male releases scent from the interdigital glands on its feet. The male also scent-marks by holding a thin tree in his mouth behind the upper canines and rubbing his pre-orbital glands against it.  Females are not territorial outside the breeding season and can be seen in small groups but will disperse separately at any sign of danger.

Vocalisation - Chinese Water Deer are capable of emitting a number of sounds, the main call is a bark with a growl tone used as an alarm. The does emit a soft pheep to call to their fawns, whilst an injured deer will emit a screaming wail. If challenged during the rut, a buck will emit a clicking sound and when following a doe will make a weak whistle or squeak.

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